Canine Health Foundation | Imulan Bio Therapeutics, LLC
Jan 2013 - $7,000
Jan 2012 - $7,000
The purpose of this proposal is to provide funding to complete an ongoing clinical trial on the efficacy and safety of T-Cell receptor (TCR) peptide treatment of dogs with atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis is a frustrating, chronically relapsing allergic skin disease in dogs. Treatment options are limited; many dogs require prolonged administration of steroids or other immunosuppressive drugs. The only specific cure is skin testing and desensitization treatments by skilled veterinarians over prolonged periods of time. Palliative treatments and newer immunosuppressive drugs such as cyclosporine are effective under carefully managed conditions.
It is now known that the underlying cause of atopic dermatitis in dogs is impaired immune responsiveness, specifically T-cell imbalance. In laboratory mice, TCR peptide treatment consistently rebalances T-cells and restores normal immunity. In dogs with atopic dermatitis, previous CHFsponsored studies showed that TCR peptide treatment resulted in long lasting (60-90 days) improvement in itchiness and other signs of the disease, consistent with restoration of normal immune responsiveness. Furthermore, dogs with atopic dermatitis were found to have 16 fold higher anti-TCR antibody activity compared to normal dogs, suggesting new diagnostic tests.
Based on results of these pilot trials, a larger randomized controlled trial has been initiated in dogs with atopic dermatitis treated with TCR peptides or placebo. Interim trial results are promising and show the mean clinical scores improved significantly in the TCR peptide group but not in placebo controls.